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Caring For Baby Iguanas

Baby Iguana

Your baby iguana will be nervous when it sees its new home for the first time, so you will need to give your pet time to adjust when you bring them home.  As time goes on, your pet will adjust to its new environment.

It’s important to provide a proper cage, diet, and environment for your baby’s iguana to grow and develop properly.  They need a big enough enclosure, UVB light, water, and temperature regulation.  You need to provide them plenty of fresh greens and low levels of protein for healthy growth.  You also need to monitor their activities.

Iguana births

All species of iguanas lay eggs after mating.  The mother iguana digs a hole to create a nest for its eggs.  They search for a special place to lay their eggs.  Iguanas lay 40 to 50 eggs at a time.

These nests are a safe place for the eggs.  Once they’ve laid the eggs, mother iguanas leave them behind and don’t take care of the nest.  They do not exhibit maternal behavior.  The hatchlings will grow up without the mother iguana.

Are baby Iguanas aggressive?

Yes!  Baby iguanas are aggressive when they don’t feel comfortable.  If you handle them while they’re aggressive, they may bite you, so it’s best to be careful.  They get aggressive in the following situations:

  • When their cage is not clean
  • When you hold them too much
  • When they don’t feel like they’re in their natural environment

How to calm your pet baby Iguana

Leave them alone and figure out why they’re angry.  Spray water and feed them daily.  Interact with them very gently.  They will observe that you are providing for their needs and being kind.  Usually, they calm down on their own.

Calm Baby Iguana

Baby Iguana diets

Make sure the food you feed your baby iguana is neither too cold or too hot.  Baby iguanas should eat about 95% green, leafy vegetables, and about 5% fruit.  As a treat, edible flowers like geraniums, carnations, dandelions, hibiscus, nasturtiums, and roses may also be offered.

Young, growing iguanas may also be fed legumes, including boiled lentils, navy beans, pinto beans, and kidney beans, as up to 5% of their total diet.  The best vegetables for baby iguanas are:

  • Pumpkin
  • Courgette
  • Celery
  • Coriander
  • Green beans
  • Turnip tops

Some fruits contain citric acids, like lemons or oranges.  These fruits should not be given to a baby iguana due to their high acidity.  You can provide the following fruits on occasion:

  • Figs
  • Cantaloupe
  • Pears
  • Apples
  • Tomatoes
  • Papaya

Water for baby Iguanas

  • Baby iguanas cannot locate their water bowl, so you need to mist or soak your pet at least twice a week to keep them hydrated.
  • Baby iguanas need to drink water regularly.  Mist the plants in their enclosure so they can drink by lapping water off of leaves.
  • Misting your pet baby’s iguana and its surroundings will keep your pet hydrated and healthy.

Supplements for baby Iguanas

Baby iguanas need vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorous in their diet.  If they don’t have adequate nutrition, they may face Metabolic Bone Disease (MBD). 

You must provide pills, drops, or special iguana sprays to maintain their nutrient levels.  To provide a particular dosage, consult your vet.  Provide supplements for your baby iguana in the amount of one pinch four times per week.

Healthy Baby Iguana

Why is my baby Iguana not eating?

Baby iguanas refuse to eat for several reasons:

  • Their terrarium is not clean
  • Their temperature is not between 80-85 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and between 70-75 degrees at night.
  • They are suffering from sickness.

Growth of baby Iguanas

Iguanas will grow until they are 4 to 7 years old.  Their size depends on the species, gender, environment, and diet.  Iguanas grow rapidly until 3 to 5 years; then, their growth rate slows down.  If you take good care of your iguana, they will reach their maximum size.

Growth chart of the iguana based on their age:

Age of Iguana Size of Iguana
0-6 months old 5.9 to 10 inches
6 months old 7 to 17.7 inches
1 year 18 to 27 inches
2 year 27 to 37 inches
3 year 37 to 43 inches
4 year 44 to 53 inches
5 year 52 to 59 inches
6 year 55 to 66 inches
7 year 57 to 70 inches
8 year 70 to 74 inches

Enclosure for a baby Iguanas

Baby iguana cages should be at least 36 inches long, 18 inches wide, and 48 inches high.  You can use this size of cage for your iguana until it reaches two years of age.  This is the equivalent of a 65-gallon tank.

If your iguana’s species is small, you can use a 40-gallon tank and change it after a few months.

A baby iguana’s food bowl should be placed where they are most comfortable eating.  Make sure that the bowl cannot slip from the spot it’s placed in.

  • Your baby iguana’s cage must be equipped with UVB bulbs to keep them healthy and warm.
  • You should place plants inside the cage to provide them with a natural environment.
  • Place flexible branches or artificial plants for your iguana to climb on and hide in.
  • Rock-style food and water dishes should be placed inside the cage so your baby iguana can enjoy their environment.
  • Place a mister to keep the cage at the proper humidity level.
Baby Iguanas 1

Plants for the cage

Baby iguanas need plants in their cage because they are arboreal at a young age.  They like to spend most of their time in trees.  The best plants for a baby iguana’s cage are as follows:

  • Sansevieria trifasciata
  • Philodendron Heracleum
  • Tradescantia zebrina
  • Platycerium bifurcatum
  • Aechmea recurvata
  • Nephrolepsis exaltata
  • Epipremnum aureum
  • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Final thoughts

Baby iguanas need a lot more care than adult iguanas.  They need proper food, water, and supplements.  Their cage needs to be an appropriate size and kept as clean and natural-looking as possible.