Size Hamster

Hamster’s care guide

Hamsters are popular, small, low-maintenance pets. All you have to do is ensure you provide them proper housing, a healthy diet, well-balanced supplements, and regularly take them to their veterinarian.

Beginner’s Guide to Hamster Care

If you want your Hamsters to be healthy, follow this list:

  • Provide the proper food serving every day.
  • Make sure that they always have access to clean fresh water.
  • Make sure that the cage is positioned correctly in your home, and make sure that their enclosure is larger enough for them.
  • Clean their enclosure regularly.
  • Provide toys.
  • Give them some exercise.
  • Take them to your vet when they are sick.

Is it difficult to maintain Hamsters?

Not at all! Hamsters are friendly, low-maintenance pets who are crepuscular in nature. They are good for beginners. But be aware that Hamsters move very fast. Even though caring for a Hamster is easy, parents and children should be aware of a few things before bringing one into their home.

Grains Hamster

Medical Treatment

Hamsters may fall sick, experience sneezing, difficulty breathing, lethargy, and diarrhea for various reasons. They are also sensitive to parasites like fleas and lice. You can control them by providing nutritious food. If this does not work, you need to take them to their veterinarian to get the proper medications.

Caring through a Hamster’s Diet

Healthy Hamsters are sustained by proper food. Provide clean, fresh water (changed daily), along with the commercially available pellet-seed mix.

Ensure that the pellet-seed mix contains 12% protein content, 6-8% fat content, and a seed mix of pellets, grains, seeds, and dried vegetables. If their mix contains sunflower seeds, the Hamsters will pick them out first to eat and leave the other ingredients behind.

Provide them fresh vegetables like:

  • Carrot
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Chicory
  • Spinach
  • Sweet peppers
  • Cucumber
  • Cress
  • Courgette

AVOID gives the following:

  • Onions, garlic, chives, and leeks
  • Chocolate and caffeine products
  • Beans and potatoes
  • Citrus fruits
  • Potato chips
  • Celery
  • Avocados
  • Apple seeds
  • Raisins or grapes
  • Almonds
  • Canned foods
  •  Spicy and seasoned foods
  • Kidney beans
  • Light green leafy veggies
  • Tomato leaves and stems
  • Plants treated with pesticides
  • Seeds
  • Plants high in oxalic acid
  • Dairy products
  • Foods with high fat content

Enclosure Setup

Improper enclosure set-ups negatively affect your Hamsters’ health. Provide some interior accessories inside the enclosure.

  • Use either a wire cage or a 10-gallon aquarium that contains a wire mesh cover.
  • Place the enclosure indoors. Make sure it is out of direct sunlight, drafts, and other pets like cats and/or dogs.
  • Maintain a humidity level of 65-75°F (18-24°C).
  • Provide them with some toys.
  • The enclosure should be lined with absorbent bedding.
  • Clean your Hamsters’ cage by removing soiled bedding, droppings, and stale food daily, and clean the cage with warm, soapy water once a week.
  • Provide the exercise wheels (solid, no rungs), cardboard tubes, PVC pipes, and plastic igloos to provide them with opportunities to run, climb, hide, and tunnel.
Veggies Hamster

Cuddling your Hamster

Most of the people buy the Hamsters to hold and cuddle them. If you want to hold and cuddle them, then make sure they trust you. Let them come to you and sit inside your palm. After they settled down in your palms, do not squeeze them. They like to stay with you for a long time.

Pet Hamsters are not cuddly pets. But they show affection in different ways. You should always hold your pet Hamster smoothly. If you want to hold them up, you have formed a cup with both your hands and scoop your Hamster up. Never grab your pet Hamster’s tail. They will be scared, and they may lose their tail which can never grow back.

If you do not like to pick your pet Hamster with your hands, you can try to pick them up by a cup or a bowl and place your hand on top of it to prevent your hamster from escaping.

Be careful when they are in a higher place. They might want to jump or run away anywhere, anytime. Make sure that they cannot fall from greater heights, as this causes injuries

How to Keep your Hamster Healthy

Do NOT hold your Hamster in the beginning 3 to 4 days. They need some time to get adjusted in their enclosure. Even after they get adjusted, they may get sick:

  • Cloudy, sunken, or swollen eyes
  • Overgrown front teeth
  • Bare patches in the fur
  • Diarrhea or discolored droppings
  • Lethargy
  • Weight loss (not eating or drinking normally)
  • Sneezing (discharge from the eyes, nose, or mouth)

If you observe any of the symptoms listed above, take your Hamster to their veterinarian.

Safety Tips:

  • You have to wash your hands before you contact your pet Hamster.
  • Be careful when handling your Hamsters, and remember they may bite or scratch, especially when stressed.
  • Do not grab your pet Hamster by the fur or tail.
  • Monitor your children around pets.
  • All animals can carry viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic diseases that are contagious to humans. So, wash your hands with warm, soapy water after contacting any pet, its habitat, or aquarium water. Adults should suggest their children wash their hands properly.
Hamster Pets


Do not wash your pet Hamsters. Wash out the vital molecules from their coats and lead to skin problems. Water baths should be only used in emergencies, like when a Hamster has something potentially harmful stuck to its fur.

If you have to wash your Hamsters when fur is stocked with harmful particles, you have to wash them with lukewarm water. The lukewarm water will wash away the substance off.

Final thoughts

Caring for your Hamsters is not a big deal since they are low-maintenance pets, but you cannot be neglectful, either. Provide them with what they need in their enclosure and diet, and handle them with care. Observe them confirm they are healthy, and if they are sick, administer proper care as per their veterinarian’s instructions. Provide these, and you will raise healthy Hamsters.

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