The Iguanas are reptiles that carry some bacteria that cause diseases for them. This is furthered by the lack of cleanliness of the Iguana’s cage, poor healthy diet, less amount of the supplements, among other things.
How to tell if your Iguana is sick
- Appetite Loss
- Lack of Energy
- Loss of Balance
Common Diseases in Iguanas
Some of the common diseases in your pet Iguanas are:
- Kidney failure
- Metabolic Bone Disease
- Infectious stomatitis (mouth rot)
- Respiratory disease
- Hypervitaminosis D
- Kidney failure in Iguanas
- In some iguanas get kidney disease may occur in any age of the iguanas. This may occur due to
- Environmental toxins and medications
- Improper diet and husbandry
Dehydration in Iguana
Dehydration is caused by a lack of water content in their body. The following are the symptoms:
- Water retention/swelling of legs and feet.
- Loss of appetite
- Shortness of breath.
- Insomnia and sleep issues.
- Itchiness, cramps, and muscle twitches.
- Passing very little or no urine.
- Drowsiness and fatigue.
- Weight loss
- Swollen abdomen, neck or eyes.
- Frequent drinking or urinating.
Consult their veterinarian if you suspect kidney failure.
Metabolic Bone Disease (MBD)
When the iguanas do not get the proper amount of calcium, Vitamin D, and UVB light, they contract Metabolic Bone Disease (MBD). When the body of iguanas does not get proper calcium, they start to absorb the calcium where ever it is possible, and it usually starts with their bones. This leads to the following
- A disorder characterized by deformities
- Softened bones
- Swollen limbs
- Improper walk
- Weak bones
You need to provide proper UVB light and the appropriate amount of calcium and vitamins. If this does not work out, take your iguana to their vet.
Iguanas who suffer from MBD must be treated immediately. Their veterinarian usually gives them injectable medicines, and would also suggest you provide your iguana with oral calcium, multi-vitamins, mineral supplements, and calcitonin (a drug that provides calcium to your iguana’s bones).
Infectious Stomatis (Mouth Rot)
The mouth rot is formed due to stress. When the stress increase, the immune system gets The mouth rot is due to stress. Increased stressed levels lower the immune system of your iguana, and this allows bacterial growth in their mouth.
This causes them a lot of pain in their mouth, which prohibits them from eating. As result, your iguana will grow thin, and may also die from the lack of food consumption.
Signs of Mouth Rot
- Reddened oral tissues
- Loss of appetite
- Pus or dead tissue in the mouth
- Drainage from the nose and mouth
How to get rid of Mouth rot?
- Gently washing or rinsing with medicated solutions
- Removal of dead tissue
- Topical creams
- Injectable antibiotics which are typically administered
Parasites like ticks and mites are very harmful to iguanas. These parasites badly affect your iguana’s blood and cause irritation and stress. This will lead to your iguana contracting more serious illnesses.
Pinworms and roundworms are other parasites that harm the iguanas. These are contracted from other iguanas, infected mice, insects, feces of other reptiles.
If your iguana got infected with these parasites, these worms co-opt its blood supply and digestion. It is difficult to find out your iguana is suffering from a worm infestation, but there are some signs you can look for:
- Excessive scratching sometimes resulting in self-inflicted wounds.
- Listlessness from blood loss
- Damaged scales in the infested areas
- Difficulty with regular shedding patterns
- Alteration of regular behavior /eating patterns
- Mucus and visible worms in its fecal matter
- More ‘bathroom breaks’ than usual
- Loss of appetite or complete refusal to eat
- More lethargic than usual
Getting Rid of Parasites
When you find that your iguana is suffering from a parasite, cleanliness is your primary guide. Make sure to clean their cage, with daily disinfection, to stop any further harm.
Respiratory disease is contracted when your iguana is too cold, has dirty surroundings, and is improperly fed.
Symptoms of Respiratory Disease
- Mouth held open while breathing
- Difficulty breathing (unusual wheezing, crackling or popping noises, and actively struggle to breathe)
- Mucus and discharge from nose, eyes, and mouth.
- Lethargy, loss of appetite and resulting weight loss.
- Nasal discharge
- Bubbles in mouth
Get rid of Respiratory disease
Keep your iguana in a warm and clean place. Regularly clean their enclosure without missing a day or schedule.
Red Flags Disease
This disease is an infectious type. Symptoms include:
- Weight loss or decreased appetite
- Mucus in mouth or nose
- Retained shed on toes
- Bumps, sores, or abrasions on skin
- Labored breathing
- Paralysis of limbs
- Abnormal feces
If you notice any of these signs, contact your veterinarian, and isolate your iguana from other iguanas.
What disease can you or other pets get from iguanas?
Diseases like Metabolic Bone Disease (MBD) will not spread. Iguanas will spread Salmonella bacterial infection in children. Salmonella is a zoonotic disease (spreads from animals to humans).
Can you get sick from an iguana bite?
The iguana’s bite is superficial and the treatment is local. But, when it affects the soft tissue, it is uncommon. Infection should be treated with fluoroquinolone.
How do you treat an infected iguana ?
You need to treat your iguana according to the infections attacked. Commonly, you need to use antibiotics. If it still does not work, you need to take them to their veterinarian.
If you do not want your iguana to have a disease, you need to be aware of everything you provide your pet. To prevent your pet from peak conditions, you need to keep them and their surroundings clean.
- Remove all uneaten food, all shed skin, feces, and urine.
- Clean and disinfect dishes with soap and water. Do not use any soaps with pine scent or phenol. Make sure you rinse thoroughly. You should use an iguana-safe disinfectant.
- Check your iguana for any signs of illness or infestation.
- Monitor the temperature and humidity to make sure that your iguana’s environment it optimal.
- Remove all decorations from the cage and disinfect.
- Clean the rocks and then boiled to disinfect for at least 30 minutes.
- Clean the branches and heat in the oven to kill bacteria for 30 minutes at 200-250°F.
- Disposable sand and substrate should be thrown out and replaced.
- Wash and disinfect the cage itself as necessary.
- Remove the broken or damaged items inside the cage.
Avoiding Spread of a Disease
Salmonellosis is a common disease that can be only transferred. Therefore, you need to be clean after handling the iguana.
- You need to wash hands thoroughly with hot, soapy water.
- Feral iguanas should be dealt by professionals.
Supplements for Iguana
The vitamins and mineral supplements for iguana are very much important. Iguana requires more calcium than phosphorus. The calcium supplements should be given less amount for the fully grown iguanas. But for the younger iguanas need more calcium than adult iguanas. Any supplements should sprinkle on the food.
UVB light is also important for the iguanas to develop vitamin D in their body.
Does my Iguana Need Regular Vaccinations?
No! They do not need this.
Are animal-based protein foods appropriate for my iguana?
In general, foods comprised of large amounts of animal-based protein, such as
- Hard boiled eggs
These are rich in protein for iguanas to eat frequently. These should be offered less than 5% of the adult iguana’s total diet.
Once again, the environment that you create for your iguana heavily influences your iguana’s health. Proper feeding for iguana in the appropriate environment will prevent your iguana from coming down with a cold, especially if he is alone in his enclosure.
Keeping your iguana healthy and happy is your responsibility, and you should never stray away from it if you wish to keep your pet iguana healthy and happy.
You will experience the bonding with this unusual creature. And you will develop a friendly relationship over time.