The Iguana is a cold-blooded reptile found in the south American region. They are egg-laying reptiles that have the ability to adapt to their environment. There Are 45 Kinds of Iguana Species are there on the earth. They vary in size, color, behavior, and endangered status of iguanas.
History and origins of iguanas
Iguanas have been on the earth around 4.5 billion years ago. The marine iguanas are developed from the land iguanas that were bought to the Pacific islands of South America. They were used to seafaring to lead life in the islands.
The iguanas are originated in some parts of Central America, South America, and some Caribbean islands. The Iguanas from these places are exported to Florida by animal dealers in 1960. their numbers have increased in recent years.
Most of the iguanas live in the forest of South America. They love to live on the trees. Because they depend on the habitat of the food in that region of forests. Some wild iguanas live on land, in rocks, and in trees. Many iguanas do stay in their native. Some pet iguanas stay in the cage.
Why do people like iguanas as pets?
- The iguanas are the intelligent animals among the reptiles.
- They can easily recognize their owners and family
- They have feelings for their loved ones
- They have a good memory
- They also can be trained to go to the washroom at a particular time.
- And moreover, the iguanas live for a long time.
Types of Iguana
|Green Iguana||$59 to $199.99||Northern Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean Islands, and southern Brazil.||lavender, pink, black, blue, and green.||20 years||Friendly in nature|
|Desert Iguana||$50 to $60||Sonoran and Mojave deserts of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico||grey and tan||14 to 17 years||Friendly in nature|
|Albino Iguana||$ 700 to $ 800||Guyana, Suriname, Colombia, Brazil and Costa Rica.||yellowish or pale||15 to 20 years||Friendly in nature|
|Blue Iguana||$185 to $215||Grand Cayman Island||tan to gray with a bluish||25 to 40 years (in wild)69 years (in human care)||Not friendly in nature at their young. Later on, they will be friendly|
|Red Iguana||$50 to $110||Eastern and southern parts of Africa||slight red or orange hue to a bold red color||12 to15 years||Depends|
|Cayman brac Iguana||$700 to $800||South of Cuba: Cayman Brac and Little Cayman||silver, and gray||10 to 12 years||Aggressive|
|Rhinoceros Iguana||$530 to $580||Tropical dry forest in the Dominican Republic and Haiti||lackluster brown to gray in color, though some have been known to be dark green||16 or 17 years||Friendly in nature|
|Fiji banded Iguana||$1500 to $6000||Fijian islands||bright green||10 to 15 years(in wild), 25 years (if raized in zoo)||Depends|
|Angel island chuckwalla Iguana||$80 to $250||Isla Ángel de la Guarda and 10 smaller islands in the Gulf of California.||brown color with transverse black bands||25 years||Depends|
|Spiny-tailed iguana||$175 – $200||Mexico, Central America, and Colombia||black bands on a greyish background||15 to 25 years||Depends|
The maturity level and life span of iguanas
The maturity level, types, and life span depends up on the species of the iguanas. Let us know about these.
The maturity level of Iguana: The Iguana gets matured by the age of 3 years. They lay eggs from 5 to 40 per clutch, and their incubation period starts from 65 to 115 days, which depends upon the species.
The life span of Iguana: The life span of the Iguana depends upon their species. They live from 4 to 60 years.
The iguanas are herbivorous. Especially, they are folivores(love to eat leaves). The vegetables which contain a rich amount of calcium are really good for iguanas. The healthy food diet of iguana should contain 80 to 90% of dark green leaves and less than 20% of fruits.
Iguanas can eat the following,
- Green leaves
Structure of iguana
The iguana is related to the reptiles, their look is just similar to Lizard. They have jaws that are very strong and also contain sharp teeth. They have a tail that is as long as their body. It is sharp and can be used as a whip against its predators. They have saggy skin. They also have spikes that are projected on the back from head to tail in a single line.
Size of Iguana: The size of the Iguana depends upon the type of the species. The longest iguana is Green Iguana, which grows up to 5 to 7 feet. And the smallest iguana is the spiny-tailed iguana, which is also called Ctenosaura grows from 4.9 to 39 inches.
Colors of iguana: In the iguana, the male iguana has the brightest colors. They get darker colors and wavy lines if they become chilled. They get darker to absorb the heat from the other source. The color change in iguana is called “physiological thermoregulation”.
The third eye of Iguanas
The special feature of the iguana is they are having a third eye, which is also called a pineal eye. This is located at the top of the head of the iguana which looks like a pale scale.
They do not recognize any images or colors, but they can easily sense the light and the movements of their predators like birds. This helps the iguana to escape quickly from its predators.
What species of iguanas can be used as pets?
In Central America and South America, the iguanas make a really good pet lizard. You need to feed them strictly with a proper diet, provide them strict housing. There are 45 types of species in the iguana. Some of the most commonly used as a pet in iguanas are as follows:
- The Green iguana
- The Desert Iguana
- The Rhinoceros Iguana
- The Black Spiny Tailed Iguana
- The Grand iguana
Are pet iguanas friendly for humans?
The iguanas are always relaxed and not an aggressive reptile. They get aggressive very rarely. They are friendly to humans if the humans care for them properly. They will create a friendly bond between them and humans so easily. Some of the friendliest iguanas are as follows,
- The green iguana
- The rhinoceros iguana
- The desert iguanas
These three iguanas are the most obedient lizards.
Behavior of Iguana
The Iguanas are the herbivores reptile which likes to have flowers, leaves, and fruits. They are commonly active in the daytime. They are good swimmers too. When the predators attack them, they just jump from the branches from a great height and splash into the water. They are fast inside the water and even on the land.
Is iguana’s bite poisonous to humans?
Iguanas will produce harmless venom in their atrophied venom glands. Their bites are rare and their teeth are sharp. Their bite will cause some injurious. Because the iguanas contain several gram-negative bacteria in their mouth and Salmonella bacteria in their intestine.
When these bacteria transfer to the human body, the infection is seen on the bitten part of the body. If the treatment is not properly taken care of, even a small injury may tetanus may occur. Tetanus is a disease caused by a bacterial toxin that attacks the nervous system. This causes painful muscle contractions, especially of your jaw and neck muscles.
Iguanas grow large and the lifespan is more. And they are friendly creatures. You need a piece of proper knowledge to handle them so that makes your pet iguanas not get aggressive. But, handling them makes you a little bit risky. But, if you handle them in a proper way, they will make a good relationship between you and them.