Guinea Pigs

Life Span of Guinea Pigs

A Guinea Pig’s lifespan depends on its species, genetics, and the care it receives. But when the captive Guinea Pigs are compared to the wild Guinea Pigs, pet Guinea Pigs live for a long time (2-4 years).

A Guinea Pig’s Lifespan as Pets

If properly cared for, guinea pigs will live 5 – 8 years. They won’t survive if the temperature is too hot or too cold. Their preferred temperature is about 65°F to 75°F and the humidity level should be below 50%.

Why do Guinea Pigs die suddenly?

Sudden deaths are usually due to a stroke or other heart disease. Experiencing shock or fighting that causes pain kills them, as well. If your Guinea Pig dies suddenly, remove them from the enclosure, get rid of the bedding, and clean everything using an antibacterial spray.

Guinea Pigs Wandering 1

Can Guinea Pigs live alone after their companion(/s) dies?

They can, but they may get sick and depressed. Do your best to bring new companions to avoid being the only one left from being lonely.

How to know if your Guinea Pig is Old

Guinea Pigs who reach 2 ½ years usually begin to show signs of aging. Older Guinea Pigs have less energy and are less active. The younger Guinea Pigs will be strong and active.

Closely monitor your Guinea Pig after two years. If there are any sudden weight changes, consult their veterinarian.  On the other hand, the gain may indicate a tumor, and weight loss could suggest a problem with their teeth.

A Guinea Pig’s Teeth and Lifespan

Healthy grown teeth are one of the easiest ways to prevent any sort of threat to your Guinea Pig’s health. Their teeth never stop growing. In the wild, their teeth will get trimmed by breaking the tough seed and eating fibrous grasses.

  • Pet Guinea Pig will have the urge to chew, and it is your responsibility to provide the necessary food or toys, so their teeth get trimmed.
  • Overgrown teeth (excessive length) give your Guinea Pigs problems in relation to eating, and this may lead to malnutrition. Ensure this does not happen by seeing to it that their teeth get trimmed.
  • Dental diseases can be inherited. Malocclusion, the improper alignment of their teeth, can either be inherited or because of vitamin-c deficiency. Drooling may be a symptom of any dental disease. They may also be sudden weight loss and bleeding in the mouth area. Sinus infection is caused by abscesses in the roots of their tooth.
  • You need to provide your Guinea Pig with safe toys to make them happy, engage in their surroundings, and help wear down their teeth.

Factors that Affect a Guinea Pig’s Life Expectancy

  • Nutrition is the main factor in a Guinea Pig’s health. Their healthy diet partnered with good oral conditions heavily influences a Guinea Pigs’ life expectancy.
  • Always monitor your food consumption with respect to their age.
  • Closely monitor their weight and teeth to lengthen their lifespan.
  • Ensure they have a safe and clean environment, as this is the first place they may catch an illness.

Lonely Guinea Pig

Guinea Pigs are social animals that inter-species contact. They should have a companion or should be involved in small groups. Guinea Pigs that are raised alone experience depression and may even get sick from loneliness. This may lead to a shorter lifespan.

Beautiful Guinea Pigs

Healthy Diet

A healthy diet is important in prolonging your Guinea Pig’s life. A well-balanced diet will keep your Guinea Pig healthy and will prevent the development of diseases in them. Their balanced foods are:

  • Dry food like a mix or pellets
  • The occasional treat is like grains, nuts, and seeds.

Sometimes, even with proper care, guinea pigs can still acquire infections or develop diseases; this is their natural tendency. The most common infections and body problems guinea pigs experience are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Dental Disease
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Ear infections
  • Vitamin C Deficiency (Scurvy)
  • Appetite Loss
  • Hardening of the Organs (Metastatic Calcification)
  • Pneumonia
  • Reproductive disorder
  • Skin disorder

Increasing your Guinea Pig’s lifespan

Captive Guinea Pigs usually live longer, and you have to educate yourself if you want to raise them this way:

  • Get your Guinea Pig from a reputable breeder or pet store.
  • Keep Guinea Pigs in pairs or in a group.
  • Clean their cage regularly and thoroughly. The dirt in the cage may not give your Guinea Pig pet to have a healthy life.
  • Provide them a large enough enclosure in a safe place.
  • Provide them with some toys and accessories in their cage to prevent stress.
  • Use a reputable breeder
  • Isolate new Guinea Pigs until you are sure they are healthy
  • Feed a complete Guinea Pig food suitable for their age with a well-balanced diet and avoid high-sugar foods and treats
  • Handle your Guinea Pigs regularly (but gently!)
  • Tame them while they are young
  • Monitor the teeth and weight of Guinea Pigs over two years old
  • Find an experienced veterinarian to consult promptly if your Guinea Pig is sick or injured.
  • Handle your Guinea Pig in the proper way and let them come to you.
  • Do not grab your Guinea Pig pet’s tail. This may cause a defense mechanism and tail loss.
  • Keep monitoring their weight after they reach two years just to notice signs of health issues.

Health Problems that Shorten their Lifespan

Guinea Pigs can acquire health problems that lead to a shorter lifespan. These problems, fortunately, can be avoided:

  • Dental problems
  • Skin problems
  • Tail loss
  • Gastrointestinal problems

If you notice these problems, consult their veterinarian. To ensure you won’t encounter heavy emergencies, it is best to have a regular annual check-up instead of waiting for a symptom to show.

Guinea Pig Wandering

Health Risks in Relation to Age

Mongolian Guinea Pigs have a higher risk of getting specific health issues at a certain age, like:

  • Neoplasia: uncontrolled and abnormal growth of the cells that lead to the development of a tumor. This tumor is also called a “neoplasm.” There is a 25% to 45% chance of having neoplasia in Guinea Pig pets older than two years. These tumors will affect the skin, kidneys, glands, and female reproductive organs.
  • Chronic glomerulonephropathy: a kidney disease that increases thirst, weight loss, and urine production. This disease will come with a tumor.
  • Aural cholesteatoma: an expanding growth in the ear that harms their inner ear and bone necrosis. The Guinea Pigs are having a 50% of the chances to have Aural cholesteatoma after two years.

Final Thoughts

Guinea Pigs are the cutest and the most amazing pet you can have. On average, Guinea Pigs may live 3-7 years, depending on their species. Ensure they aren’t sick by taking them to their veterinarian. You should take care of them properly by providing a proper nutritious diet to them because they can easily be prone to many kinds of diseases.

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